Tuesday, July 10, 2012

GDP per Capita Time Series for Spanish Speaking Countries

Data from GGDC/Maddison, values in 1990 Geary-Khamis dollars.

Comparison of Argentina, Chile, Venezuela and Spain for the 1820 to 2008 period in absolute terms:

  • Argentina was the wealthiest of the four countries from 1820 to 1940 (although Chile and Spain equalized Argentina around 1870) to be surpassed by Venezuela in the early 1950's
  • Chile suffered an almost 40% drop in GDP per capita as a result of the great depression or more specifically low copper prices as a result of it
  • Venezuela didn't have any real per capita growth for the last 60 years (!)
  • Spain overtook its former colonies of Chile, Argentina and Venezuela in 1965, 1975 and 1983 respectively, the current crisis in Spain is not yet reflected in the data but the difference seems to be too big to be bridged even by Chile in the near term
The same information depicted as a percentage of average world GDP per capita. Venezuela and Argentina relative decay in GDP per capita since the 1950's are very visible. Chile is back to its historic levels of around 175% of the world average, but after a impressive recovery from 1985 to 1997 has stagnated on a relative basis since then.

Finally the rank in terms of GDP per capita among the Spanish speaking countries / territories. The country which was top ranked in the 19th century was Uruguay. Currently the bottom country is Nicaragua.

Data is here.

No comments:

Post a Comment